NATURE OF COMMUNICATION
Communication is transfer of information from the communicator to the recipient. It may
be conscious or unconscious. It may be verbal (oral or written) or non-verbal (body language & appearance). Its basic
elements are: the sender, the message, the medium, the receiver, and feedback. Its functions are: informing, controlling,
expressing emotions, and motivating. Communication channels may be personal static such as a letter, impersonal static such
as flyers, direct interaction such as face-to-face discussions, and indirect interaction such as a telephone conversation.
Any communication is not received as it is transmitted. It is perceived instead. Perception is organizing and interpreting
incoming information. Perception is selective being influenced by environment, background knowledge, and background attitudes.
Thus the same information may elicit different perceptions in different people.
A communication process starts with conceptualization of the ideas to
be communicated. The ideas or messages are then encoded (put in a transmissible form). The message is then transmitted and
is received. The receiver decodes or interprets the message before understanding it and taking action on it. The process is
completed by feedback from the recipient to the sender. Communication is a circular process involving a feed-back loop. Every
communicator must monitor the feed-back to make sure that the communication process is effective.
LINGUISTIC ASPECTS OF COMMUNICATION
The terminology used restricts and determines the limits of the thought process. The language used varies by intimacy,
professional circles, age group, and gender. It is a great mistake to communicate with everybody in the same way forgetting
their special background and peculiarities. Communication must be precise to be useful. Precision indicates that the mind
is active and is dynamic and the communicator has clear objectives.
MODES OF COMMUNICATION
Believable communication is emotionally honest, is evidence-based, it concentrates on facts, and it avoids speculative
talk. It is focused and has an objective. Pleasant communication has more impact and used good words, good disposition, friendly
greetings, and a warm voice. A sense of humor helps communication. You must however know where to draw the line. Too much
or inappropriate humor indicates lack of seriousness and is negative.
FACTORS OF SUCCESSFUL COMMUNICATION
Your communication style reflects your basic personality. Be genuine and be yourself. A good word is charity. Use
polite words even with people who have done wrong to you. Always have a personal touch. Monitoring feed-back is important
because communication is a 2-way process. Understanding the target of communication improves the communication process. Background
knowledge, attitudes, and environment affect the way the recipient perceives and interprets information.
BARRIERS TO EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATIONS:
The following are common barriers to effective communication: prejudgment before communication,
differences between communicators (self-image, status, roles, personality, cognitive ability, physical situation, social status,
culture, vocabulary, language), distractions, emotional resistance to being on the receiving end, time constraints, poor listening,
poor speech, bad timing, and unsuitable circumstances. Other causes of communication failure are: multiple meanings of words,
information overlord, verbosity, value judgment, and filtering.
1. Describe the subjective interpretation of symbols in communication
- What is the
difference between conscious and unconscious communication
3. Describe the importance of communication in medical practice
4. Explain the purpose of selective communication
5. How do questions help in communication
6. Explain the irreversibility of communication
and its implications
7. What is information overload
8. How does personality affect the effectiveness of communicationExplain the degradation of information
during transmission from person to person