THE STUDENT'S ETIQUETTE:
The etiquette between the student and the teacher should be followed. In general the student
should respect the teacher. This is respect to knowledge and not the individual. The prophet taught admiration and emulation
of the knowledgeable. Students should be quiet and respectfully listen to the teacher all the time. Students should cooperage
such that one who attends a teaching session will inform the others of what was learned[i]. Students can learn a lot from one another. The student who hears a fact from a
colleague who attended the lecture may even understand and benefit more. Students should ask questions to clarify points that
they did not understand or which seem to contradict previous knowledge and experience. Taking notes helps understanding and
retention of facts. Study of medicine is a full-time occupation; students should endeavor to stay around the hospital and
their teachers all the time so that they may learn more and all the time. They should avoid being involved in many other activities
outside their studies.
PLAGIARISM (From Encyclopedia Brittanica 2004).
Encyclopedia Britannica defines plagiarism as the act of taking the writings of another person and passing them
off as one's own. If only thoughts are duplicated, expressed in different words, there is no breach of contract. Also, there
is no breach if it can be proved that the duplicated wordage was arrived at independently.
Plagiarism is the act of claiming to be the author of material that someone else actually wrote. Students have
plagiarized book reports, term papers, essays, projects, and graduate-degree theses. Teachers—including college professors—have
plagiarized journal articles, course materials, and textbooks. Researchers have plagiarized reports, articles, and book chapters.
Although academic plagiarism is not new, what is new since the latter years of the 20th century is the ease with which writings
on virtually any topic can be misappropriated with little risk of detection. The principal instrument responsible for the
recent rapid rise in academic plagiarism has been the Internet.
Especially popular are the on-line “paper mills” or cheat sites—companies that sell students
completed essays, book reports, projects, or theses that can be submitted in school under the students' own names. At least
150 cyber paper mills have been operating over the past three years. Those available on the World Wide Web bear such names
as Evil House of Cheat (more than 8,000 essays), Genius Papers, Research Assistance, Cheat Factory Essay Warehouse, School
Sucks, Superior Term Papers, and 12,000 Papers.com. In Germany, <cheatweb.de> advertised high-scoring essays,
term papers, stories, interpretations, book reports, and other types of homework. The site reported having between 3,000 and
5,000 high-school and college users daily.
Just as the Internet has greatly expanded students' opportunities to plagiarize, however, it has also increased
teachers' ability to discover sources from which students have lifted material. This new ability to discover plagiarism is
attributed to Web-plagiarism checkers or verifiers.
The typical Web checker is an Internet service that works in the following way. A student's paper is entered into
the checker's Web site. That Web site is programmed to compare the contents of the paper with the contents of thousands of
documents on the World Wide Web. A report showing how much of the student's paper is identical to, or highly similar to, documents
on the Web is sent back to the teacher, and the report identifies what those original documents were.
Web checkers usually
charge for their services, either a flat annual fee or a stated amount for each paper processed. One popular plagiarism checker
is <turnitin.com>. In 2001 the operators of the site claimed 20,000 subscribers worldwide. Another much-used checker
is the Essay Verification Engine (EVE), which conducted 45,840,495 assessments between February 2000 and late August 2002.
Educators who have used Web-plagiarism checkers report that telling students that their papers will be Web-checked reduces
the incidence of Internet plagiarism.