1.0 ULAMA/SCHOLAR ORGANIZATIONS
Who are the ulama?
How to deal with Ulama
2.0 STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS
Student work is important
Challenges for students
Apathy and dynamism among students
Issues that affect/interest
Characteristics of students
Types of student programs
Activism vs academic achievement
Role of students
Functions of student organizations
Training and tarbiyyah
3.0 LABOR AND PROFESSIONAL UNIONS
Importance of work
Importance of organization
Vision and mission of unions
Rights of the worker
Trade unions and ethics
Trade unions and politics
Trade unions and societal morals
Trade unions and the interests
of the national economy.
Unfair practices by management
Unfair practices by unions
Economic system and labor issues
4.0 SOCIAL WELFARE ORGANIZATIONS
Concept of charity
Concept of takaful
Definition of poverty
Causes of poverty
Rational social welfare system
Components of the social welfare
Socializing children to be charitable
Beneficiaries of charity
Charity should be temporary
Protecting the dignity of those
Social network to guarantee
Type of social work
Objectives of social work
Types of programs
Scope of social welfare services
Social welfare institutions
Role of government
Abuse of the charity system
Eradication of poverty
Prevention of poverty
Helping the family
The mentally sick
5.0 DISASTER RELIEF ORGANIZATIONS
What is a crisis/disaster?
Non man-made disasters
Causes of disasters
Dimensions of a disaster
Importance of prevention
Learning from a disaster
Characteristics of a disaster
Scope of mosque activity
Mosques are houses of Allah
Mosques are built on taqwa
Mosques should not be built
on basis of fitna
Only believers build mosques
Good dress for mosques
Nobody should be forbidden from
Building of mosques
Activities in mosque
Activities forbidden in mosque
Administration of mosque
Facilities of an islamic center
Functions of a center
Organizational structure of
Legal ownership and control
of a center
1.0 ULAMA/SCHOLAR ORGANIZATIONS
Ulama organizations must have the following objectives: dawa, protect Islam and its heritage, application of Islam, Islamization,
advice. Membership qualifications: ulama certificate, Islamic character and values. Types of members: active, honorary. Structure:
general assembly, general secretariat, academic councils/committees.
Who are the ulama?:
Ulama must know sharia, undestand it and follow it. They are leaders of religion (Sajdah:24). Ulama have ilm, are firm in
aqida, jihad, fear Allah, and are recognised by other ulama. Ulama get known by their teaching, fatwa and publications. Ulama
are different from readers. Readers can ‘read’ Qur;an without understanding all of it (fiqh). The Ulama on the
other hand has comprehensive understanding. Ulama are different from thinkers. Thinkers have a general undestanding of Islam
and the world but are not knowledgeable in sharia. Ulama ae different from ‘preachers’ khutaba or wuadh. The preacher
may be a good speaker but with little knowledge. Ulama are not saints and have no supernatural powers
How to deal with Ulama: Love and respect. Learn from them. Ulama do not teach only facts. They also teach character. The student must stay
with them for a long time to learn character. Learn from Ulama according to their specializations. Do not criticise them in
a disrespectful/contemptible way. Do not fault them unless you are also knowledgeable. Turn to them for guidance. Put confidence
in them. Watch for their mistakes so that you may know the genuine from the rest
2.0 STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS
chapter will deal with organizing programs for students at secondary and tertiary educational institutions.
Student work is important: Students are a very important segment of the society. They are intellectually alive, are dynamic, idealistic, and
can afford the luxury of looking at issues without being under the pressure of being in the field. Skills and convictions
acquired by students are a valuable investment for future community leadership. Work among students helps not only to identify
potential leaders but also to train and promote their leadership potential.
Challenges for students (Manzoor Alam): Ideology. Ijtihad. Modernity. Cultural invasion. Economic development of the Ummah. Intellectual ‘Isms‘
and fads. Students on the frontline of ideological confrontation. Students grow up in homes and communities where they receive Islamic knowledge and culture to varying degrees. They attend eductional institutions
that impart euro-centric disciplines of knowledge some of whose paradigms are contrary t what they learn from their communities.
Studenst are acutely aware of the gap in science and technology between their societies and the industrialized world and many
of them are aware of the reality that their education may not equip them to ‘catch up’ or even if it did there
are forces that will not allow them to mke their societies stronger. Students are bombarded daily with ‘isms’
Apathy and dynamism among students: Students in affluent free societies with no pressing social problems tend to be satisfied and difficult to organize
because of apathy. Students in societies with political repression are apathetic because they have little hope of changing
their fate. Students are most active where there are issues that affect them as students or as citizens and there is reasonable chance of meaningful change. Too much idealism can cause some students
to back away from social activism when they realize the imperfections of 'real life'
Issues that affect/interest students: Students have a wide range of issues that affect them both inside and outside the institution. Most student activists
tend to gravitate to controversial issues. Within the institution: academic policies, physical facilities, services, local
politics. Outside the institution: partisan politics, environment, social issues, economic issues, international affairs
Characteristics of students: Students have the following characteristics: idealism, openness, strong convictions, taking strong actions on convictions,
tendency to take extreme positions
Types of student programs: Student programs may be social, dawa, or even political inside or outside the university campus. Programs for students
on the campus: worship, training, academic, entertainment, career or study counseling, counseling on social life. Programs
for students in the community: dawa, political mobilization, providing services for the community
Activism vs academic achievement: You however should never forget that the main purpose is to learn and study. Student extracurricular activities should
never interfere with studies. Students have to be good students first before they are anything else!
Role of students (Maududi): Islamization of knowledge. Learn and transmit Islamic heritage to the next generation. Intellectual struggle against
other ideologies. Fight corruption to preserve their morals and those of society. Get practical skills needed to succeed
Functions of student organizations: Functions of MSA: religious activities, education, protect interests of Muslim students, dawa. MSA should receive
and initiate new students on arrival or if possible even before coming to the University or college. Activities of MSA: lectures,
question forums, study groups, competitions, projects, drama, exhibitions, visits to hospitals, charitable visits, Islamic
newsletter/magazine, video shows, practical demonstrations
Training and tarbiyyah: The USRA type of training is the best for students. The late Ismail al Faruqi drew up such a system (p. 58-64 Muhammad
AND PROFESSIONAL UNIONS
Labor migration: Knowledge is the only inexhaustible resource. One of the aims of
labor migration to developed countries or the investment of multinationals in Muslim countries should be the acquisition of
industrial skills and technology in the long run
Importance of work: Work is a necessity for society and for individuals. Labor has its own dignity. Love of work and
a job well done are a source of strength for the society. Too many lazy able-bodied people who expect to live off the back
of others are a social liability. People are needed to specialize in the different trades that society needs. Work (a-m-l)
was mentioned in the Qur'an 360 times and refers to both earthly work and work in ibadat. Labor has an exalted position in
Islam. All prophets worked with their hands: Adam in farming, Nuh in carpentry, Daud in iron works, Musa in writing, Zakariyyah
in carpentry, Idris in tailoring, Sulaiman..., Isa in carpentry, Muhammad in trade. Virtually all prophets were shepherds.
All jobs are honorable. The only classification accepted among jobs is between haram and halal. Productive work like agriculture
and industry is preferred because it is a source of strength. Every able-bodied person must work. Duniya and Akhira work,
Both are important
Wages: Wages (A-j-r) has been mentioned in the Qur'an in more than 100 verses. Wages
are in the contract between owner and worker. The contract must be for a fixed term and conditions for renewal must be known.
Payments must be prompt. The wages should cover at least the basic necessities of the worker. The wages must not be set so
low that the owner accumulates too much wealth (hashr: 7). Besides wages the owner should provide: education and training,
social services such as health, and freedom to practice deen.
Importance of organization: Labor and professional unions are very important forums in a modern society. We can not ignore them.
They serve as a forum for communicating new ideas and concepts. They are also a very important center of power in society.
Workers join trade unions for the following objectives: (1) collective bargaining for higher wages and benefits (2) job security
(3) social reasons: being wih others (4) recognition (5) compelled by peers. Each trade should have its own union. Union membership
could be: certain grades/categories of workers in that trade, all workers in that trade including management / supervisory
categories, workers and owners. A trade union could be organized on a local, regional, national or even ummatic level. The
supra-national bodies should concern themselves with issues of universal ummatic importance. The national union should have
professional expertise to be able t help local unions. It must have on its staff lawyers, economists, researchers, PR specialists
etc. It should have a national convention, a national executive committee, and executive officers. It should have specialized
departments and staff. The local union need not have full-time staff. Its relationship to the national union could be as a
branch or it could be in federation of confederation type of association. Trade unions needed are: medical, teachers, farmers,
industrialists, shop-keepers (bazaar), accountants, transportation, factory...Trade unions of owners or managers could also
play a role. It is also conceivable to have unions that unite both workers and employers. The Union should aim at educating its members to raise their spiritual and intellectual level. It should also
be interested in their technical skills.
Vision and mission of unions: The concept of a trade or professional union should be expanded from being a body that fights for
certain limited rights of its members in a work-place, to being a social institution like the school, the Islamic center,
the university, and the political party. It should address and try to resolve problems of the whole community and not just
those of a certain sector. The union should concern itself with larger issues of controlling inflation, stabilizing prices,
expansion of the economy to provide full employment. The union should also take positions on issues of local and global economy.
Protectionism protects local industry and jobs but makes the world economy less efficient. Many of today's trade or professional
movements retain the European concept of continuous social struggle and conflict between interest groups: employers vs workers,
professionals vs clients, government vs unions etc. This contradicts the Islamic model of social development which requires
consensus-building at all stages within the context of Islamic teachings. Islam equally rejects the Marxist doctrine of class
struggle. The idea of labor being a permanent class of society in continuous struggle with owners should be replaced by a
system whereby workers are encouraged to avoid hyperconsumerism so that they may save enough money and buy property and shares
and thus gradually join the owners' class. If working class is thus temporary why the social struggle? The union should promote
cooperation between owners and workers in al birr and taqwah instead of competition and struggle. Cases of a union that has
both owners and workers as members should be envisaged. In such a case the two sides work together to promote their trade.
It is better to be an entrepreneur, however small, than to labor for someone else. Laboring must be temporary until you collect
enough starting capital and have learned the trade
Rights of the worker: Social justice is guaranteed by freedom, equality, and takaful al ijtimai. The worker must have
freedom of religion, expression, seeking knowledge, and working in what he wants. Equality is that in human rights. Equality
does not mean similarity. Economic inequalities are natural (nahl:71). Some people are endowed with more intelligence or better
health and will perform and earn better than others. The state has certain obligations towards workers (1) provide them with
jobs (2) make sure they work when a job is available (3). Children and women are not obliged to work. Workers should not be
treated as slaves. The relationship must be based on a mutually agreed contract
Trade unions and ethics:
Trade unions and politics...
Trade unions and societal morals....
Trade unions and the interests of the national economy.
Government role: The government role in the labor movement should be limited and confined to the following: registration
and recognition of unions, ensure that elections of officials are legal; and follow set procedures, ensure that the running
of the internal affairs of the union follows the procedures, prevent unfair practices by the unions of the management, mediation
in case of disputes
Unfair practices by management: Management can practice the following unfair practices: hinder worker self-organization, punish/persecute
unionized workers, persecute employees who file complaints, refuse to bargain with union representatives
Unfair practices by unions: Unfair practices by unions include: forcing workers to join unions, discriminate against workers
who are not in the union, overcharging union fees, manipulation of employers, refusing to bargain, illegal strikes.
Negotiations/bargaining: Collective bargaining requires two steps: negotiation and administration. Collective negotiation
can be of the following types: (1) containment / aggression: management tries to control union while union tries to usurp
management rights (2) competition: each side is after maximum gain for its interests (3) tolerance and compromise (4) cooperation
with the aim of saving the industry from collapse. A bargaining zone are those limits that both management and union find
acceptable. There should be agreement on this before negotiations start. Approaches to solving an impasse: (1) pressure tactic:
strike (employees stop work) lock-out (employer withholds work) (2) conciliation, trying to bring the 2 parties together again
for negotiation by a neutral third party (3) mediation, bring 2 parties together with solution suggested by neutral third
party. The two parties agree in advance to accept the mediation
Contract: The main elements of a contract are: recognition of the union, recognition of the rights of management, wages - benefits
- working conditions, employee security, administration / implementation. Agreement reached by union representatives and management
may require ratification by polling the rank and file. A grievance procedure should be set to enable continuing administration
of the contract. It sets out how problems that arise can be resolved. The new trend is to have worker representatives sit
on company boards and to give employees stock in the company. In times of economic crisis the workers may choose to give up
part of their benefits so that the factory does not close. Conditions of work by mutual agreement....Muslims bound by their
agreements...Workers must get their full wages and quickly...What is the basis for employee compensation? value of goods produced
or covering the basic necessities? What is the fair distribution of income from production between the owner and the worker?
Can the doctrine of human equality be invoked in deciding the distribution of income between the owner and the worker?. Since
owners have more political power, how can we ensure that they treat the workers fairly? There is a relationship between unemployment,
economic efficiency, and compensation. Compensation based on type of work: blue collar and white collar. Who is more productive?
The Islamic view bases compensation on both quantity and quality. Thus all workers can not get the same compensation.
Economic system and labor issues: Islam allows private property but there are controls on its use. Hoarding, waste, bribery, monopoly,
misuse, and riba are forbidden. Payment of zakat is enjoined. The type of economy determines the fate of workers. In a colonial
economy cheap raw materials are exported and expensive finished goods are imported. The worker's income is generally small.
Unions should be partners in the effort to transfer technology. Unions should not push owners and governments into the 'debt
trap' of the third world. Many ideas of labor are undergoing fundamental changes. Brain power is replacing muscle power. Work
units are getting smaller. Workers are more educated and work increasingly independent of direct supervision. It is now becoming
an economy of speed and not of scale.
4.0 SOCIAL WELFARE ORGANIZATIONS
Concept of charity: Concept of charity is Islam is very wide. Every good act is charity (sadaqa).
Concept of takaful: The concept of takaful al ijtimae (mutual help in society). Charity is a means of mutual support
Definition of poverty: Poverty can be defined in absolute and relative terms. Absolute insufficiency in food, clothing,
shelter etc. Inequality (relative deprivation) can be perceived as poverty. The poverty level varies from country to country.
Poverty may be invisible. There is no agreement that a culture of poverty exists and that poverty if from generation to generation
Causes of poverty: Two approaches: case and area. An individual may be poor. The whole region may be economically deprived.
Poverty in an individual may be due to: lack of saleable skills, lack of knowledge, lack of opportunities, misfortunes due
to failed economy or discrimination. The deserving poor can not in any way help themselves by working: blind, aged, mentally
and physically handicapped.
Rational social welfare system: A system that is rational and efficient can be set up to help the disadvantaged. Helping the poor
and near-poor to stand on their feet and function without making them dependent for ever. Identify and solve specific problems.
Do not throw money at problems. Must identify and distinguish intended and unintended consequences of the social welfare system.
Components of the social welfare
policy: Organization. Administration: small is beautiful; little bureaucracy. Service
delivery. Evaluation of short and long-term impact
Socializing children to be charitable: Teach saving, economizing, and investment. Economy in expense to leave something for helping others
Beneficiaries of charity: Beneficiaries of charity are: orphans, widows, the poor.
Charity should be temporary: Charity should always be a temporary measure. Societies that allow conditions of poverty to continue
and relieve their consciences by offering charity are only being superficially charitable. The aim of charity should be to
help people over a difficult time while arrangements are being made to liberate them from handicapping conditions so that
they can help themselves
Protecting the dignity of those
helped: Social welfare organizations should train their workers to have sensitivity.
They should respect those being helped. Their orientation should be to their clients. They must have a spirit of service.
They must be responsive. Too much bureaucracy should be avoided. Procedures should be simple, efficient, and quick.
Social network to guarantee basic
necessities: The social safety net should in the first place be the extended family.
Government and community organizations should intervene in societies where the extended family has been destroyed or it can
not play its designated role
Type of social work: Social welfare can be undertaken by governmental agencies, non-governmental private agencies, families
or individuals. Non-governmental social welfare institutions: waqf, nudhuur, sadqat, tatawu. Specialized social welfare agencies:
orphans, the lost, the blind, the handicapped, the elderly and the poor
Objectives of social work: Alleviate immediate suffering. Help people stand on their feet and become self-supporting. Strengthen
social fabric through mutual support. Dawa of non-muslims (muallafat qulubuhum). Protect muslims from being lost through need
Types of programs: Immediate assistance: emergency/disaster. Long-term assistance: Prevention of poverty: indoor and
Scope of social welfare services: Income support. Nutrition. Health. Education. Shelter. Family support. Family support: marriage,
child rearing, counselling. Voluntary work to assist the elderly, the handicapped, mentally ill. Lobbying for the disadvantaged
Social welfare institutions: Hospitals and clinics. Schools. Orphanages. Homes for the elderly and the handicapped
Resources: Fund-raising necessary. Giving together with getting. Government. Investments. Endowments. Voluntary labor
Role of government: Social welfare work should be in the hands of private societal organizations. Role of government
must be limited to regulation and monitoring to prevent abuses. If the government wants to participate, it should give funds
to private organizations to carry out the work
Abuse of the charity system: Loafers. Lazy. Corrupt
Eradication of poverty: Alleviative strategy: assistance. Curative strategy: job creation, job training/apprenticeship,
education, job search/match, minimum wage
Prevention of poverty: Compulsory saving. Strengthen the family. Crisis intervention. Ensure employment. Job training.
Helping the family: Preserve family unity; discourage break-up of family. Adults who are poor because of immorality
should not be helped until they they repent; their children or other dependents should not be deprived of help. If possible children should be removed from immoral families. Absent fathers should be forced to pay but their
rights must be guaranteed
Health: Health status determined by lifestyle and environment more than medical care. The poor have no preventive care
The mentally sick: Substance abuse, depression, psychoses. Try to de-institutionalize and treat in the community. In-patient
care of limited duration. Out-patient care is possible because of psychotropics. Crisis intervention. Counselling. Drug abuse
can be controlled: stop supply, stop demand, remove social causes
Child welfare: Child abuse/exploitation. Delinquency. Try to solve family problems rather than remove the children
The elderly: Extended family. Preserve independence and dignity. Prevent physical and psychological abuse
Hunger: Hunger can be absolute or under-nutrition. Malnutrition is impairment or risk of impairment to mental of physical
health resulting from failure to meet the total nutritional requirments of an individual. Relief of hunger may be by giving
cooked/uncooked food or giving money. The problem is that they may use the money to buy superflous things. Special nutritional
programs: schools meals (lunch and breakfast), pregnant women and infants, the elderly (meals on wheels)
Evaluation: Did the program cover the goals? Coverage of the target group. Spill-over to non-target group. Methods: public hearings,
site visits, program status, compare to professional standards, experimental, quasi-experimental, time series
5.0 DISASTER RELIEF ORGANIZATIONS
Overview: Both man-made and natural disasters that afflict communities and countries are discussed. We will not discuss crises
that afflict individuals.
What is a crisis/disaster?: A crisis is a potentially dangerous situation if not managed well. It may also be an opportunity
for learning and growth. A crisis situation is said to exist when the magnitude of the problem or its speed of evolution and
progression overwhelm the usual coping mechanisms. A disaster has bad or harmful effects. It is rapid in onset and progress.
Most disasters are unforeseen and are therefore unpreventable. Only Allah knows the future for certain. However leaders and
organizations with strategic thinking and planning skills could work out possible crisis scenarios and have some basic infrastructure
available to cope immediately should the crisis strike. You have to distinguish true emergencies that are natural disasters
beyond our control from crises due to poor planning. This chapter deals with the former. In a crisis situation you do all
what is humanly possible and then leave it to the Lord. Never forget the power of prayer. Ability to deal successfully with
a crisis is an indicator of basic efficiency and sound management. Strong organizations with robust management teams are resilient.
They adapt to face crises, overcome them, and even profit from them emerging stronger than before. Weak organizations are
ill-equipped to weather the storms of a crisis and usually succumb and fail.
Man-made disasters: There are disasters in which man is involved directly in their causation. War/violence. Economic
disruption. Political instability. Social crisis. Group hysteria
Non man-made disasters: There are disasters that happen without any direct involvement of humans.
Epidemic disease. Drought/crop failure/famine. Hurricane/typhoons. Flooding.
Causes of disasters: Only Allah knows the ultimate causes of disasters; humans have limited knowledge of the causal pathway.
You may know that a disaster was due to a geological fault that caused an earthquake. You however can not know much beyond
that. Crises or disasters can be man-made such as wars or not such as drought, famine, epidemics. Some of what goes as crisis
may be punishment from Allah for some human transgression. Some may be a blessing in disguise. Since these matters are beyond
human knowledge we will confine ourselves to managing the crisis and its consequences and not inquiring into the unknown causes.
Dimensions of a disaster: managing a disaster requires a full assessment of its human, geographical, social/psychological,
financial/resources, and technological dimensions
Importance of prevention: Infection. Fire. Epidemic disease.
Learning from a disaster
Characteristics of a disaster: A crisis situation has the following characteristics: (1) immediate danger to life (2) unstable
and unpredictable situation (3) events happening quickly (4) emotions high (5) no routine or standard responses
Crisis management: The aim of crisis management is to reverse the situation back to normal or limit the damage done.
Crisis management is a type of problem-solving. It however requires speed in information gathering, deciding, and implementing.
Because of the rapid change in status quo, decisions must be updated continuously. Dealing with a disaster should be systematic:
assess the situation, assess potential development, assess side effects, determine who can be involved, stop actions that
make the situation worse, decide the strategy and alternative strategies, review and assess, do not panic or allow others
to panic. The following processes should go on continuously during disaster management:
assessing, planning, implementing, and evaluation. Tracking progress of a crisis. Prioritizing under pressure of time.
Deciding under pressure of time: decisions are made on less that full information more often than in normal situations. Intuition
based on previous experience plays a more prominent role. Implementing under pressure of time. Routines are very good for
dealing with crises. In a crisis situation some one must be in control. There must be a recognized leader. Crises should be
looked at a trial of our patience and trust in Allah. They are also a trial of our leadership and managerial skills. Speed
of response is very important in a rapidly developing crisis situation. Quick intervention at the right time can limit the
damage. The leadership must maintain their calm in a crisis and project optimism. A few crises can become chronic problems
if the causative agent continues operating unchecked or if the primary cause leads to secondary crises that become chronic
and are not checked. Most crises are self-limiting and are time-limited. Speed of response is very important to limit the
damage. Late intervention serves no purpose because the damage is already done and the crisis may be over. In an emergency
you may not have the luxury of using the ideal approach. Speed is important and we may have to use less that ideal quick and
dirty solutions. As far as possible you must avoid creating future problems in our haste to resolve a current crisis. Charismatic
leaders usually emerge at times of crisis. They are usually very effective in crisis management. Each disaster is unique.
There are no fixed rules that can cover management of all disasters. There are however some general principles.
Time dimension: Many crises may have to be waited out. Time is the ultimate solution. Epidemics of infectious diseases
are self-limiting in time if spread of the contagion can be controlled. Preventing movement into and out of the stricken region
is a first preliminary measure. Spread of the infection to the healthy can be prevented by appropriate measures of vaccination
and other precautions against infection.
Risk: Interventions in a crisis situation are always associated with some risk. The intervention may inadvertently cause
more damage. It may not achieve its goal or it may close off other more viable options. Having a fall-back plan minimizes
Prevention: Precautions against fire must be rigorous. Leaving sources of fire near combustible elements is a recipe for disaster.
Food should be covered and stored in such a way that it is not exposed to infection. Rain is associated with thunder-storms,
hurricanes etc. Strong shelter is needed. Prevention/precautions must always be in place. Finally do not forget prayer.
Scope of mosque activity: The mosque is the natural center of gravity for a Muslim community however small that community may be. All community
activities should take place inside or around the mosque. The concept that a mosque should function or be alive during the
prescribed prayers only in not acceptable and if put in practice will lead very quickly to weakening the community.
lay-out of an ideal Muslim community and the building of homes and other community facilities should be based on the concept
that the Islamic center is the hub. Each community should build in concentric circles around its Center such that every person
will be able to walk from his home to the mosque when he hears the adhan and be able to arrive before Iqama. This implies
among other things that Muslims can not live in big anonymous urban communities. They should live in small communities that
have internal cohesion among themselves and whose members can meet daily at the center. It is better to have several small
Controversial matters: In order to protect the mosque from conflicts due to divisive partisan issues, an attempt should be made either to
discuss and act only on those issues that are accepted by all or to develop a high degree of tolerance for plurality of opinions
The mosque should act as a forum for leadership training. It must provide a lot of challenges in the form of various committees
each to undertake a specific function and task.
Mosques are houses of Allah: Mosque do not belong to any individual or group. They are to be used by all people. For administrative efficiency,
there should be a body that legally owns the mosque facilities and is responsible for its upkeep. They should however be aware
of the true character of a mosque as a house of Allah with free access to all Muslims of good standing
Mosques are built on taqwa: The sole purpose of mosques is worship of Allah and those activities that support the basic worship function
Mosques should not be built on basis of fitna: Any mosque built on the basis of nationalistic, clan, tribal, political or any other non-Islamic
basis is not acceptable. It is however allowable to have special mosques that serve particular linguistic groups
Only believers build mosques: A non-believer can not build a mosque because he basically can not understand the purpose of mosques
Regular attendance at mosques is a sign of spiritual health. It is also necessary for community building
Good dress for mosques: Good physical appearance, cleanliness of body and garments are required for mosque attendance in order to show respect
for the mosque and those who frequent it
Nobody should be forbidden from mosque: All genuine worshippers should have access to mosques as long as they do not undertake activities
that are detrimental to the basic purposes of the mosque
Building of mosques:
no excessive decoration; Simplicity is needed.
Activities in mosque: Prayer, reading Qur'an, education, medical care, social welfare, political activity, eating,
Activities forbidden in
mosque: Violence, commerce, noise,
Administration of mosque: The imaam and muaddhin are the main officials of a mosque. They may have other officials to help them
6.0 COMMUNITY CENTER
Facilities of an islamic center
Social welfare services
Sports and gymnastics
Functions of a center
Organizational structure of a center
Legal ownership and control of a center
The local community should own
and look after its center
Government should make sure
that laws are followed