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ISLAMIC MEDICAL EDUCATION RESOURCES 04

0001-ACTIVITY and REST, (NASHAAT & RAAHAT)

Lecture for 3rd year medical students on 6th January 2000 by Professor Omar Hasan Kasule Sr.

A. SPEAKING

PURPOSE OF SPEECH

  • Speech can be sorcery, inna min al bayaan lasihrun (KS 462)

THE GOOD WORD

  • The good word is charity, al kalimat al tayyibat sadaqat (KS 462)

THE BAD WORD

  • Allah does not like fahsh and tafahhush (KS 462)
  • Type of talk to be avoided (KS 462)

ETIQUETTE OF SPEAKING

  • The older ones speak before the younger ones (KS 462)
  • Speak little of keep silent (KS 461)
  • The merit of speaking little (KS 461)
  • Being humble and speaking less is a sign of iman (KS 462)
  • Mention of Allah during conversation, dhikr al Llaah athnaa al kalaam (KS 462)

RULINGS ABOUT SPEAKING

  • Fear of people should not deter from saying the truth, rahbat al naas la yamuna'u qawl al haqq (KS 461)
  • Lying to reconcile
  • Exaggeration in conversation
  • Compulsion to lie
  • Mujamalat
  • Self-incrimination
  • Revealing secrets
  • Silence and consent

 

 

B. SLEEPING

THE DAY

  • Nahar mubsirat (p 542 10:67, 17:12; p 542 27:86).
  • Nahar ma'aashan (p 543 78:11).

THE NIGHT:

  • Al layl sakanan (p 538 6:96, 10:67, 37:86; p 542 40:61).
  • AL layl libaasan (p. 538 25:47, p. 539 78:10)
  • Night prayer is not obligatory, salat al layl laisat waajibat (KS 471)
  • Merit of prayer at night, fadhl salat al llayl (KS 469)
  • Merit of recitation of the Qur'an at night, fadhl tilawat al Qur'an fi al llayl (KS 469)
  • What is said on waking up for tahajjud (KS 469).

PURPOSE OF SLEEP

  • Sleep is a sign of Allah (p. 1273 30:23)
  • Sleep is rest (p. 1273 25:47, 78:9)

ETIQUETTE OF SLEEPING, Adab Al Nawm

  • Before: Sleep with wudu, facing qibla in sleep, what to say when you go to sleep

        During: Sleeping on the right hand side, al naum ala al janb al ayman (KS 552).  Do not sleep on the face, la yarqudu ala al wajih (KS 552). What to say when alarmed in sleep. Adab of yawning. Adab al ‘atas wa al tashmiit:

  • Etiquette of waking up: What to say in the morning, washing face and hands on waking up from sleep

RULINGS ABOUT SLEEP

  • Sleeping on the side nullifies wudhu, al naum ala al janb yanqudhu al wudhu (KS 551)
  • A person in ritual impurity, janaba, makes wudhu before sleeping, yatawadhuu al mujnib idha araada al naum (KS 551).
  • Sleeping before salat nullifies wudhu, al naum qabla al salat yanqudhu al wudhu (KS 551)
  • Salat and sleep, al salat wa al nawm (KS 551 Bukhari K4 B53; Nisai K1 B116; Nisai K4 B29)
  • Sleeping in salat is from shaitan, al naum fi al salat min al shaitan (KS 551: Ibn Majah K5 B42, Muwatta K1 H26).
  • Night prayer is abandoned if sleep is overwhelming (KS 471)

 

C. WALKING

WALKING COMPANION

  • Bipedal walking of humans
  • Walking on earth, Mashyu ala al ardh p 1118 25:63
  • Walking in the earth, Mashyu fi al ardh p 1118 17:37, 17:95, 31:18
  • Walking in the markets, mashyu fi al aswaaq  p 1118 25:7, 25:20
  • Walking in homes, mashyu fi al masaakin,  p. 1118 20:128, 32:26
  • Allah made the roads (p557 16:15; p 558 20:53, 21:31; P 558 43:10)
  • Ability of the road for hajj, istitaa’at al sabiil (p. 557 3:97)
  • Knowing the direction of the road, ihtidaau ila al sabiil (p 557 4:98)

PURPOSES

  • Purposive walking, al qasd fi al mashy p 1118 31:19
  • Walking for jihad p 1118 28:25
  • Walking for employment
  • Walking for ibadat: merit ofa long walk to the masjid
  • Walking for knowledge
  • Walking for exercise
  • Walking for social visit

ETIQUETTE OF WALKING

  • Quick walking, harwalat
  • Big steps
  • Firm steps, thubuut al aqdaam p 280 2:250, 3:147, 8:11, 47:7
  • Walking on feet p 1112 7:195, 24:45
  • Walking straight, mashyu sawiy (p 1118 67:22)
  • Walking with etiquette, mashy wa al adab (p 1118 25:63, 31:19)
  • Walking with shyness, mashyu & hayaa (p. 1118 28:25)
  • Walking and difficulty, mashyu & haraj (p 1118 17:37, 31:18)
  • Woman not to make sound with her walking p 280 23:31

ETIQUETTE OF THE ROAD, Adab Al Tariiq

        The rights of the road, haqq al tariiq, are ghadh al basar, kaff al adha, and radd al salaam (KS 342: Bukhari K79 B2)

FOOT RACING, musabaqat

  • Prohibition of foot racing unless wearing khuff or bare footed (KS 281: Ahmad 2:256, 358, 385, 424, 505; Ahmad 3:190)

 

D. SITTING

SITTING COMPANION

        Jaliis al khayr & jaliis al suu

  • Sitting with the righteous, salihiin
  • Sitting with the transgressors, al qu’ud ma’a al dhaalimiin (P 956 4:140, 6:68)

        Sitting on graves, al juluus ala al qubuur

PHYSIOLOGICAL PURPOSES

  • Sitting to rest
  • Sitting to relax: BP, muscle tension, metabolism
  • Sitting in a calamity, al juluus ‘inda al musiibat (KS 153: Abudaud K20 B21)

SITTING AND IBADAT

  • Remembering Allah sitting down, dhukr al laah qu’udan (p 956 3:191, 4:103, 10:12)

SITTING AND LEARNINGE.

        Majlis al ‘ilm

ETIQUETTE OF THE ASSEMBLY

  • Priority for the first come
  • Prohibition of making a man stand up to take his seat
  • Reclaiming a seat after going out for a short time
  • Special rights for the handicapped
  • Sitting of women
  • Sitting of children

 

E. STANDING

PHYSIOLOGICAL PURPOSES

        Standing as preparation for walking

THE UNIQUE HUMAN UPRIGHT POSTURE

STANDING AND IBADAT

  • Qiyaam al llayl p 970 3:113, 25:64, 39:9, 52:48-49, 73:1-4, 73:20
  • Qiyaam li dhikr al laah p 970 3:191, 4:103,
  • Qiyaam al salat p 969-970 4:102, 4:142, 5:6, 22:26, 26:21
  • Wuquuf Arafat
  • Wuquuf muzdalifat

POSTURAL HYPOTENSION

ETIQUETTE OF STANDING

  • Qiyaam al ihtiraam
  • Qiyaam li al janazat

Professor Omar Hasan Kasule Sr. January 2000