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ISLAMIC MEDICAL EDUCATION RESOURCES 04

9804-CANCER: CAUSES, TREATMENT AND PREVENTION

Lecture delivered at Khadijah College, International Islamic University, Malaysia on 16-04-98 by Prof Dr Omar Hasan Kasule, Sr. Deputy Dean for Research and Post-graduate Affairs, Kulliyah of Medicine

LIFE-TIME CANCER RISK (US DATA)

 

SEX        RACE                                     AGE 20                                                   AGE 50                  

                                                10 yrs     20 yrs     Eventually             10 yrs     20 yrs     Eventually

 

Male       White                     0.33%     0.90%     26.87%                   4.93%     13.91%   27.12%

                Non-White            0.24%     0.82%     24.49%                   6.48%     15.55%   27.48%

 

Female    White                     0.41%     1.53%     27.84%                   5.50%     12.64%   27.48%

                Non-White            0.48%     1.79%     22.21%                   4.94%     11.00%   20.37%

 

ENVIRONMENTAL RISK FACTORS

         Time of exposure

         Duration of exposure

         Age at exposure

         Identified risk factors

         Tobacco

         Occupation

         Radiation

         Alcohol

         Diet

         Drugs

         Reproductive Factors

         Air Pollution

         Microbial agents

 

INTERVENTION

         Primary prevention

         Diet

         Environment

         Education

         Control infections

 

         Prevention strategies for given cancers

         Lung               stop smoking, new cigarettes, diet

         Mouth            stop quid smoking, stop tobacco chewing

         Liver               HBV immunisation, aflatoxin

         Cervix             genital hygiene, sexual behaviour

 

         Screening for early detection

         Breast             mammography

         Cervix             pap smear

 

TREATMENT OF CANCER

         Curative: Surgery, Chemotherapy, Irradiation, Immunotherapy

 

Supportive: pain, treatment of infection, nursing care

Copyright Professor Omar Hasan Kasule, Sr. 1998