Abubakr is remembered for the following: (a) he was the companion of the prophet in the
cave on migration from Makka to Madina. (b) Abubakr was asked by the prophet to lead prayers when the prophet was in his last
illness (c) He was the first believer in Makka (d) He had firm iman that knew no doubts (e) He had wisdom and vision (f) He
put his focus of unity of state after death of prophet (g) he took a firm stand in riddat wars preserved religion and unity
(h) He laid foundation for empire in Byzantine and Persian lands (I) He collected Qur’an
Abubakr had good manners and was a loved personality. He was a leader
in his tribe in charge of settling blood feuds. He was a successful cloth merchant due to his good personality. Even before
Islam, he had good morals; he did not drink alcohol. Did not participate in jahiliyyah worship. When the prophet called him,
he did not hesitate to accept Islam
He called others in Islam. He used his wealth to help poor Muslims.He was never
angry except for Allah. he was a constant companion of the Prophet. he planned the logistics of the hijra and was the
prophet’s companion on the journey..
In Madina, Abubakr started as a farmer. He was always with the prophet. Abubakr and Omar were the closest advisers
of the Prophet. Abubakr was kind to badr prisoners of war. He understood and supported the prophet’s strategy at hudaybiyyat.
He led the pilgrimage after hudaybiyyat. He led salt when prophet was sick (9) firm stand at death of prophet. His firm and
wise stand at saqifa averted civil war.
On ascension to the khulafat, Abubakr did not oppress opposers to his election. During the riddat
wars, the usually soft Abubakr was tough and stood firm for the truth. He stabilized the state in his reign by such courageous
stands. He took a firm stand on refusers of zakat. He was firm with pretenders to prophethood. he dispatched Usamah’s
army to fulfill the prophet’s command although there were many dangers in Madina at that time. He initiated the Syrian
and Iraq campaigns that resulted
into the expansion of the Islamic state.
Abubakr was a full-time leader devoted only to his work. He was aware of his limitations
and brought about him men who could complement him. He asked for obedience from the people only if He obeyed Allah and did
not assume that he had a right to rule. He governed by shura.
Abubakr was pre-occupied with ummatic welfare in the last 2 weeks of his life when he was
sick. He consulted the companions before appointing Omar as the next khalifa. He undertook self criticism on his activities.
He returned all the salary he had earned as khalifa to the public treasury.
Abubakr died with no wealth. he was buried in his old clothes; he said that the living
needed new ones. He ordered his funeral should not distract from state affairs
The main lessons we learn from Abubakr are : (a) Simple life (b) Honesty (c) Politeness
(d) Firmness (e) Caution (f) Against self-admiration (g) Self criticism (h) Accepting criticism (I)
Accountability (j) Gentle nature (k) Avoiding fitna
Abubakr’s main achievements: (a) Abubakr was able to maintain the unity of the ummah
after the passing away of the prophet (b) He stood firm and defeated the apostates (c) He stood form against the refusers
of zakat (d) the started the era of conquests (d) He collected the Qur’an
TEXT: ABUBAKR’S SAYINGS
ABUBAKR TELLS MUSLIMS TO CORRECT HIM
“If I am upright then follow me; but if I deviate straighten me
CHARACTERISTICS OF A LEADER: ABU BUKAR’S SPEECH ON HIS ELECTION
“O Men! Here I have been assigned the job of being a ruler over
you while I am not the best among you. If I do well in my job, help me. If I do wrong, redress me. Truthfulness
is fidelity, and lying is treason. The weak shall be strong in my eyes until
I restore to them their lost rights, and the strong shall be weak in my eye until I have restored the rights of the weak from
them. No people give up fighting for the cause of God but God inflicts upon them
abject subjection; and no people give themselves to lewdness but God envelops them with misery. Obey me as long as I obey god and His Prophet. But if I disobey
God’s command or His Prophet’s, then no obedience is incumbent upon you.
Rise to your prayer, that God may bless you” (Muhammad pp 508-511)
LEADERSHIP FOR A HIGHER PURPOSE THAN SELF-INTEREST:
The Holy Prophet (p.b.h.) was called back (by Allah) and people were
not far away from the age of Kufr (infidelity) I became afraid that people might revert to their old religion and fall into
differences. I therefore, accepted this responsibility, although I did not like
Hayat 2: 24 - 25
ACCOUNTABILITY TO PEOPLE:
“Keep a close watch on me.
Help me, if I am keeping right, if I go wrong, put me right. Follow me
till I am obeying Allah and do not pay any heed to me, if I defy Allah”.
RIGHTEOUS LEADER ARE FOLLOWED :
“Such conditions shall prevail as long as the leaders of the people
stick to the path of righteousness. Don’t you see that every tribe has
a leaders and the people follow him. These leaders ought to be righteous”.
ABU BAKR’S WILL TO UMAR:
“.... I invite you
to perform a task which is very tiresome. Fear Allah O Umar! in obeying Allah
and maintain piety in obeying Him. Piety is a guard (against evils). This is
Caliphate which is taken over by one who may carry out its responsibilities. One
who order rightful acts and himself does wrong, asks others to do good and himself act badly would soon lose his earnings,
and deeds. Thus if you are appointed as a Caliph to look after the affairs of
people, you should try to desist from shedding blood, keep your belly empty from their wealth and save your tongue form causing
disgrace to them. You should do all this if possible and one has no capacity
to perform anything except by the help of Allah”.Hayat.