22.3.1 SOURCES and TYPES OF DRINKS
The sources of water are rainwater, mau al samaau; water
from oceans and seas, maau al bahr; and water from rivers, maau al nahar. The Qur’an described the following types of
fresh water: Mau ma’iin, Mau mahiin, mau ‘adhb, and mau ghadq. Water serves the purposes of quenching thirst,
cooling the body, and cleaning. It is needed for metabolism. It also gives esthetic pleasure. Milk was mentioned in the Qur’an
as a specific food for newborns and infants. The prophet recommended milk as the last drink on earth. Honey is a drink with
nutritional and medicinal benefits.
22.3.2 HALAAL AND HARAAM DRINKS
The basis for halaal and haram drinks is the same as has been described for food. All drinks are permitted
unless specifically prohibited. Drinks that contain sugar and could contain small
amounts of alcohol due to fermentation are considered offensive. Also considered offensive are non-alcoholic drinks like tea
of coffee that are addictive. Khamr is forbidden. Every intoxicant is khmar. Khamr
is the key to sins. Many sins arise from taking khamr. Severe warning is
given to those who call khamr another name to make it permitted. Khamr is not a medicine but a disease. Non-alcoholic drinks can be prohibited on the basis of harm to good
22.3.3 ETIQUETTE OF DRINKING, adab al sharab
Drinking is encouraged especially in hot weather where there is high perspiration. Wastage is prohibited.
It is recommended to praise Allah before the start of drinking milk. It is offensive to drink in one gulp. Drinking like a
dog is prohibited. Drinking with the left hand is offensive. Drinking from gold or silver vessels is forbidden. Taking a breath
during drinking is needed. Drinking while standing up was prohibited and was allowed in another instance. There is a special dua for drinking milk. A dua is recited at the end of drinking. The mouth is rinsed
22.3.4 HYGIENIC MEASURES IN DRINKING
It is forbidden to breathe into the vessel. It is also prohibited to breathe or blow into the drink
itself. Drinking from the mouth of the vessel is forbidden.
22.3.5 RULINGS ON DRINKS
Ethanol is used as a solvent in medicinal preparation
only in cases in necessity, dharuurat. Fermentation of sugar-containing drinks could produce small amounts of alcohol.
Materials out of which alcohol is made should not be distributed. Community water supplies are a public property and care
should be taken to make sure they do not get polluted. Addictive non-alcoholic drinks are forbidden.